Critical Appraisals - General Topics

Clinical Scenario Discipline
What is the evidence for orthotic-style offloading wheelchair seat cushions for reducing pressure?

Crane, B, Wininger, M & Call, E 2016, 'Orthotic-style off-loading wheelchair seat cushion reduces interface pressure under ischial tuberosities and sacrococcygeal regions', Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 97, no. 11, pp. 1872-1879.

OT
What is the effectiveness of Aprepitant for the prevention of chemotherapy-induced neusea and vomiting in children?

Kang, J,  Loftus, S, Taylor, A, DiCristina, C, Green, S & Zwaan, C 2015, ‘Aprepitant for the prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting in children: a randomised, double-blind, phase 3 trial’, Lancet Oncol, vol. 16, pp. 385–94.

Pharmacy
How important is emotional intelligence for healthcare leadership?

Weiszbrod, T 2015, 'Health Care Leader Competencies and the Relevance of Emotional Intelligence', The Health Care Manager, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 140–146.

Multi-D
How beneficial would it be to have an Allied Health Assistant for Occupational Therapists in acute setting?

Stute, M, Hurwood, A, Hulcombe & J, Kuipers, P 2014, 'Pilot implementation of allied health assistant roles within publicly funded health services in Queensland, Australia: results of a workplace audit', BMC health services research, vol. 14, no. 1 , pp. 258.

OT
What is the effect of anal balloon biofeedback training on patients with anal incontinence?

Lette, F, Lima, M & Lacerda-Fiho, A, 2013, ‘Early Functional Results of Biofeedback and its Impact on Quality of Life of Patients with Anal Incontinence’, Arquivos de Gastroenterologia, vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 163-169

Multi-D
What are the common types of conflicts among clinical disciplines in acute settings, in comparison with sub-acute settings and what are the effective strategies in place?

Brown, J, Lewis, L, Ellis, K, Stewart, M, Freeman, T & Kasperski, M 2011, 'Conflict on interprofessional primary health care teams–can it be resolved?', Journal of interprofessional care, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 4-10.

 Multi-D
What are the challenges faced by sole occupational therapists working in the rural and remote areas?

Ni Mhurchu, C, Blakely, T, Jiang, Y, Eyles, HC, & Rodgers, A 2010, ‘Effects of price discounts and tailored nutrition education on supermarket purchases: A randomized controlled trial’, American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 91, no. 3, pp. 736-747.

OT
How does passive limb ranging/stretches effect join mobility/function and pain in ventilated and sedated patients?

Chumney, D, Nollinger, K, Shesko, K, Skop, K, Spencer, M, & Newton, R 2010, ‘Ability of Functional Independence Measure to accurately predict functional outcome of stroke-specific population: Systematic review’, Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 17-30.

Multi-D
The number of allied health staff working in the acute care setting in different hospitals around Australia. We would like to know how this level of staffing impacts on the length of stay for patients

Cartmill, L, Comans, T, Clark, M, Ash, S, & Sheppard, L 2012, ‘Using staffing ratios for workplace planning: Evidence on nine allied health professions’, Human Resources for Health, vol. 10, no. 2.

OT
Is there a relationship between prolonged sitting and mortality?

Vander Ploeg, H, Chey, T, Korda, J, Banks, E, & Bauman, A 2012, ‘Sitting time and all –cause mortality risk in 222497 Australian adults’ , Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 172, no. 6.

OT
How are iPad applications being utilised in rehabilitation?

Mosa, ASM, Yoo, I, & Sheets, L 2012, ‘A systematic review of healthcare applications for smartphones’, BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making, vol. 12, p. 67. 

OT
How is the  amount of therapy time, participation in therapy groups, rate of recovery etc. impacted in rehabilitation patients that receive input from allied health clinicians and assistants/paramedical aides compared with input from allied health clinicians?

Lizarondo, L, Kumar, S, Hyde, L, Skidmore, D 2010, ‘Allied health assistants and what they do: A systematic review of the literature’, Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare, vol. 3, pp. 43-53.

Multi-D
What are the psychometric properties and clinical utility of the Scale for the Assessment and Rating of Ataxia (SARA)?

SARA Outcome Measure Assessment Tool Critical Appraisal Summary

Multi-D

iCAHE will continually update this compendium of critically appraised research publications as a resource for health services interested in implementing journal clubs within their health services.

DOHSA Librarian Contact Details

The International Centre for Allied Health Evidence aims to make iCAHE Journal Club Critically Appraised articles available for review and consideration by South Australian Department of Health employees.

In order to access the articles South Australian Department of Health (DoHSA) employees will need to contact the DoHSA Librarian:

South Australian Department of Health 
Library & Information Services
Level 2 162 Grenfell Street Adelaide SA
PO Box 287 Rundle Mall Adelaide SA 5000 
Phone 08 8226 6070 Fax 08 8226 6677
Email health.library@health.sa.gov.au 
Department of Health, South Australia, Library website

Areas of study and research

+ Click to minimise