iCAHE Outcome Calculators


What are Outcome Measures?

An outcome measure is a diagnostic tool to measure performance, ability, or function of an individual.  They are valuable tools for healthcare professionals to engage in the recovery, rehabilitation and return to work of injured individuals. The outcome measures contained within the CAHE Outcomes Calculator Version 5 have been selected on their psychometric properties (validity, reliability, sensitivity to detect change over time and clinical utility for patient populations with peripheral joint disorders). The outcome measures represent a range of aspects of functioning and/ or disability, which are measured at the level of body functions / structure, the individual and society, as defined by the International Classification of Functioning. The international Centre for Allied Health Evidence website houses five outcome calculators as follows:

• Basic Outcomes Calculator

• Musculoskeletal Outcomes Calculator

• Neurological Disorders Outcomes Calculator

• Incontinence Outcomes Calculator  

• Chronic Disease Management Outcomes Calculator

Details of all the Outcomes Instruments used in each of the iCAHE Outcomes Calculators can be viewed in the following document: iCAHE OC Benchmarking

Click here for a list of the current tools in the iCAHE Outcomes Calculators

Outcome Measures

The iCAHE Outcomes Calculator has been under development since 1999 by researchers in the International Centre for Allied Health Evidence, and the School of Computing Science (University of South Australia), in a series of staged research strategies. Preliminary investigations comprised:

  • Wide-spread data collection from over 2000 clinicians regarding current use of measures of health outcome in clinical practice
  • Investigation of requirements of funding bodies regarding health outcomes derived from treatment by clinicians
  • Literature review to assess evidence of validity, reliability, sensitivity to change and clinical utility of common measures of health outcome used by clinicians, as well as other measures of health outcome that may be useful for clinicians
  • Discussions with health Australian clinicians regarding the barriers and facilitators to regular use of health outcomes in clinical practice and
  • Evaluation of the content of common measures of outcome and their usage by researchers and clinicians.

About outcome measures

The term outcome incorporates the health gain and costs associated with treatment. For the management of many conditions, this involves an episode of care (a number of linked occasions of service). Currently the most common type of outcome information is on cost, or number of contacts with the patient.

Our investigations highlighted that most clinicians collect no standard information from patients on health outcome, despite this being the most important information required by health funders. What information is collected is non-standardised, collected at variable time frames throughout the episode, and is usually handwritten in patient notes, which makes it inefficient and less than useful for clinical benchmarking. The need for a simple, efficient mechanism for collecting standard information routinely on patient progress was identified from our preliminary investigations. The Outcomes Calculator software was developed to address this need.

Advantages of using the iCAHE Outcomes Calculators

The iCAHE Outcomes Calculators aim to facilitate the use of standardised outcome measures in clinical practice to monitor changes in patient status over time. Patients complete selected outcome measures prior to, or following treatment (without reference to the clinician) and the data can be entered into the iCAHE Outcomes Calculators by administrative staff. This avoids the potential bias by the clinician and ensures that the patient's view of their condition is recognised. The iCAHE Outcomes Calculators automatically compute the score for each outcome measure and use norms for comparison, as appropriate. Summarising outcomes in this way assists in the communication of patient progress between clinicians, patients and funders.

For example, the outcome measures contained within the iCAHE Musculoskeletal Outcomes Calculator have been selected based on their validity, reliability, sensitivity to detect change over time and clinical utility for patient populations frequently treated by physiotherapists. They represent a range of aspects of functioning/disability, which are measured at the level of body functions/structure, the individual and society, as defined by the International Classification of Functioning.

Details on the outcome instruments in each of the five iCAHE Outcomes Calculators can be found under 'Contents' on page 2 of each of the Outcomes Calculator User Manuals.

The iCAHE Outcomes calculator is accompanied by a iCAHE OC User Manual and Software Guide. We encourage users to provide feedback for evaluation, and to enable iCAHE to provide additional information about new versions of the calculator.

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About Outcomes Calculators

Outcome Calculator screen shot

What are they?

There are now five iCAHE Outcomes Calculators:

iCAHE Basic Outcomes Calculator

iCAHE Musculoskeletal Outcomes Calculator

iCAHE Incontinence Outcomes Calculator

iCAHE Neurological Disorders Outcomes Calculator

iCAHE Chronic Disease Management Outcomes Calculator

All 5 iCAHE Outcome Calculators are available for purchase on the one CD, click here for more information.

We are very proud of the iCAHE Outcomes Calculators which have been developed from the combined efforts of many iCAHE staff since 1999. We are also grateful for the input of researchers at Stellenbosch University, Capetown, South Africa. The iCAHE Outcomes Calculator Introduction PowerPoint file (below) provides an outline of the iCAHE OCs and how they can be used.

iCAHE Outcomes Calculators Introduction (PDF 3.7MB)

What do they do?

The iCAHE Outcomes Calculators aim to facilitate the use of standardised outcome measures in clinical practice to monitor changes in patient status over time. Patients complete selected outcome measures prior to, or following treatment (without reference to the clinician) and the data can be entered into the iCAHE Outcomes Calculator by administrative staff. This avoids the potential bias by the clinician and ensures that the patient's view of their condition is recognised. The iCAHE Outcome Calculator automatically computes the score for each outcome measure and uses norms for comparison, as appropriate. Summarising outcomes in this way would assist in communicating patient progress, between clinicians, patients and funders.

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User Manuals:

There are now five iCAHE Outcomes Calculators and each Outcomes Calculators have a dedicated iCAHE OC User Manual and  Software Guide. The iCAHE OC User Manuals and Software Guides are designed to make the iCAHE Outcomes Calculators accessible and simple to use.

iCAHE Basic Outcomes Calculator

iCAHE Musculoskeletal Outcomes Calculator

iCAHE Incontinence Outcomes Calculator

iCAHE Neurological Disorders Outcomes Calculator

iCAHE Chronic Disease Management Outcomes Calculator

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Areas of study and research

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