Heritage Stone – History of Geology

Fog in a Quarry by Victor Hanacek (http://picjumbo.com/fog-in-a-quarry/)

Fog in a Quarry by Victor Hanacek 

Heritage Stone

Heritage Stone research involves international collaboration that facilitates designation of those recognising natural stone resources that have achieved widespread utilisation in human culture.

This research also operates under the aegis of the “Heritage Stone Task Group” (HSTG) of the “International Union of Geological Sciences” (IUGS) and under “Commission C-10 Building Stones and Ornamental Rocks of the International Association of Engineering Geology and the Environment” (IAEG C-10).

Recent achievements include:

  • Establishment of interim list of potential nominations for international designation of heritage stone.
  • Approval of Check Lists for international heritage stone designation
  • Publication of a model paper nominating Portland Stone from the United Kingdom as a heritage stone of potential international significance
  • Organisation of dedicated heritage stone meetings annually since 2012.

Emanating from numerous contributions to the 2013 heritage stone conference in Vienna, a Special Publication of the Geological Society of London entitled “Global Heritage Stone: Towards International Recognition of Building and Ornamental Stones” has been compiled, edited and awaits final publication.

Another aspect of building stone investigations has been the preparation of a public field guide to the building stones of North Terrace, Adelaide. It has been placed on the internet in order to provide information to the public on the heritage use of stone and on the principles of geology in general.

Research on heritage building stone and on the history of geology is being undertaken by Adjunct Senior Lecturer in Geology, Dr Barry Cooper. Dr Cooper is also Secretary-General of the International Commission on the History of Geological Sciences (INHIGEO). In this role his research has focussed on the history of geology in South Australia.

Some recent publications, international conference papers and book reviews on the history of geology include:

  • 2007 History of Cambrian Investigations in South Australia with particular reference to the biostratigraphy. Memoir Association of Australasian Palaeontologists 33: 1-27. (with J.B. Jago).
  • 2007 Mawson’s earliest (1906) report on the geology of the Flinders Ranges Trans. R. Soc. S. Aust. 132: 169-177 (with J.B. Jago).
  • 2008 Sedimentary Uranium in South Australia: A history of early exploration and discovery in the Frome Embayment. Applied Earth Sciences (Trans. Inst. Min. Metall. B) 117 (2): 37-50.
  • 2008 Geological investigations of uranium in South Australia through the 20th century. Abstracts 33rd International Geological Congress, Oslo, Norway, 6-14 August 2008
  • 2008 Classic Paper: C.H. Pander’s (1856) Introduction to Conodonts. Episodes 31: 431-436 (with W.C. Sweet).
  • 2009. Arthur Wade and his 1915 report on Petroleum Prospectivity in South Australia. Program and Abstracts, Symposium 34: Fossils and Fuel, International Commission on the History of Geological Sciences, Calgary, Canada, 10-14 August 2009 pp.20-22.
  • 2009 Bragg, Mawson and Brown and the early uranium discoveries in South Australia. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 133 (2) 199-220.
  • 2010. Snowball Earth: The Early History from South Australia. Earth Sciences History 29:121-145.
  • 2010. Book Review. R. Keith Johns, “A mirage in the desert? The discovery, evaluation and development of the Olympic Dam ore body at Roxby Downs, South Australia, 1975-1988”. Journal of Australasian Mining History 8: 188-190
  • 2011. Geologists and the Burra Copper Boom, South Australia, 1845-1851. In: Ortiz, J.E., Puche, O., Rábano, I. and Mazadiego, L.F. (editors) History of Research in Mineral Resources. Cuadernos del Museo Geominero, 13. Instituto Geológico y Mindero de Espaňa, Madrid pp.193-200. (Abstract published in INHIGEO Annual Conference Madrid Almadén–Iberian Pyritic Belt 1-14 July 2010 Book of Abstracts page 45-46).
  • 2011. Johannes Menge (1788-1852): The South Australian Company’s Mine and Quarry and Geologist. Abstracts Australian Mining History Association, Annual Conference, Hahndorf, South Australia, 12-18 September 2011. p.23 (with B. O’Neil)
  • 2012. The 1947 Discovery of Submarine Canyons in Australian Waters. In: Kato, H., Inomata, M. and Suzuki, Y. (Editors) “Visual Images and Geological Concepts: Proceedings of the INHIGEO 2011 Japan” pp 115-120.
  • 2012. Ralph Tate (1840-1901): Pioneering Australian Geologist. Abstract #1336 34th International Geological Congress, Brisbane Australia, August 2012 (with B. Kidman)
  • 2012. The historical use and trading of building stone in South Australia, and support for the associated industry. South Australian Geographical Journal 110: 5-29.
  • 2013. A ‘sense of place’ in geology: the case history of four locations from South Australia. iCHSTM conference Manchester, United Kingdom, Symposium S113-B: Geologist in the Field: The importance of place.
  • 2014. Book Reviews: “The Great Fossil Enigma: The Search for the Conodont Animal”, Simon J. Knell. Indiana University Press 413pp . Earth Sciences History 33(1): 179-181.
  • 2014. Changing Reflections on the History of Geology: An Australian Perspective. Program, 39th INHIGEO Symposium, Asilomar Conference Grounds, Pacific Grove,, California, USA, 6-10 July 2014, pp 38.

Areas of study and research

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